W. Fan et al., “Achievable Rate of MIMO-OFDM VLC over Low-Pass Channels,” 2021 IEEE 16th Conference on Industrial Electronics and Applications (ICIEA), 2021, pp. 1340-1345

Abstract: Visible light communication (VLC) is a short-range optical wireless communication (OWC) utilizing white light-emitting diode (LED) lighting, so that the VLC systems can provide both illumination and communication. Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) is an attractive technology to efficiently improve the achievable rate of VLC with multiple LED luminaries which experience a low-pass effect in practical channels. In this paper, we investigate the performance of MIMO-VLC over three general low-pass channels, including exponential, first-order and Gaussian low-pass channels. Over frequency domain, two power loading strategies for multi-subcarrier orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) are considered, namely uniform power loading and water-filling power loading. Expressions on the achievable rate to the corresponding link power budget and bandwidth are derived. Low-pass MIMO-OFDM VLC with a matrix channel decomposition has not extensively been treated theoretically in literature, to the best of our knowledge.