Xiping Wu and Dominic O’Brien, “Parallel Transmission LiFi”, IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications ( Volume: 19, Issue: 10, Oct. 2020)

Abstract: Light fidelity (LiFi) is a relatively new wireless communication technology that exploits the optical spectrum. Compared to wireless fidelity (WiFi), LiFi is densely deployed with each access point (AP) covering an area only a few meters in diameter. Also, LiFi users are susceptible to intermittent light-path blockages. Meanwhile, the user is served by a single AP in conventional LiFi systems. This would cause frequent handovers for LiFi users, resulting in a degradation in quality of service. In this paper, parallel transmission is investigated for LiFi, which is named PT-LiFi. With a delicate design of the transmitter and the receiver, PT-LiFi enables multiple LiFi APs to serve the user simultaneously. Particularly, data transmission continues without interruption when the user is losing connectivity to some of the connected APs. Resource allocation is studied for the PT-LiFi system, and a novel load balancing method is proposed to jointly allocate resource across the APs. Results show PT-LiFi can make efficient use of the densely deployed LiFi APs and provide a flexible way of load balancing. Compared with a conventional LiFi system, the proposed method can increase user throughput by up to 150% and improve user fairness by up to 15%.